History of Kashmir Frontier BSF
BSF, which was raised on 1st Dec 1965, is guarding the borders with a commitment to promote a sense of security among the public, has diversified its role in order to contain insurgency in J & K and North-East. BSF has been deployed in Kashmir valley since 1965. Few selected Armed Police Battalions such as Punjab Armed Police, Rajasthan Armed Constabulary and Madhaya Pradesh State Armed Force were embodied to form the nucleus of Border Security Force. The newly embodied units were deployed on the International Borders of Jammu, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat state and on Line of Control and International Boundary in Jammu & Kashmir. However, it took up a critical role of fighting the militancy since 1990 shoulder to shoulder with a Gallant force like J&K Police. BSF got baptised by taking part in 1971 War with laurels and then engaged in fighting militancy in J & K. In pursuance of the GoM decision, BSF has been directed to look after basic duties of Border guarding, handing over CI Ops to CRPF, an equally versatile force. Consequently, a few Battalions were de-inducted in 2003 from Srinagar North and a few more Battalions in Sept 2005 from Srinagar and Anantnag Dist and rest in March 2007 from Srinagar, Baramulla & Bandipur District. After achieving the immediate aim of dousing the flames of militancy, it was quid pro quo for BSF with string of successes. Initially, a few Bns of BSF were inducted in 1990 to tackle militancy which were later increased till a substantial part of BSF was deployed from 1993 onwards. After almost total de-induction from CI Role BSF has very little role in CI Operations in Valley and that too was abolished in 2009 as CRPF has completely take over CI Role from BSF.
Srinagar Frontier BSF is an offshoot of erstwhile North Western Frontier (NWF) which comprised the entire State of J&K. In 1981, the NWF was bifurcated into Jammu and Kashmir Frontiers, with Kashmir Frontier looking after the areas of North of Pir Panjal Range and was given the task of augmenting the Army deployment on Pir Panjal Ranges, Shamsabari Ranges and Kargil Sector. In June 1993, Kashmir Frontier was further bifurcated into Srinagar and Baramulla Frontier ( adhoc }. Srinagar Frontier was given the responsibility of Southern and North-Eastern parts of Kashmir Valley comprising Srinagar, Budgam , Anantnag , Pulwama and Kargil districts. After Ops Vijay, BSF Bn deployed in Chennigund ( Kargil ) area was withdrawn in Nov99 and the AOR of the Frontier restricted to southern and Central Kashmir. Further in 2006 Baramulla Frontier was wounded up and Srinagar Frontier renamed as Kashmir Frontier was given the responsibility to look after the deployment of Baramulla Frontier.
Headquarters of the North West Frontier of BSF was located at Srinagar, J & K. The first Inspector General of the newly created NWF was Sh L S Bist ,IP . This Frontier has been commanded by following IsG till date:-
OFFICERS OF KASHMIR FRONTIER
INSTITUTIONS OF KASHMIR FRONTIER
( i ) COMPOSITE HOSPITAL
This Frontier has a Composite Hospital for all CPOs operating in Kashmir Valley. All medical facilities are being provided to the patients.
(ii) SUBSIDIARY TRAINING CENTRE OF BSF
A state of the art subsidiary training centre has been established in Srinagar to meet the current and futuristic training needs of BSF. The subsidiary training centre is responsible for imparting basic training to the recruits besides running various courses and cadres.
The area of responsibility of the Srinagar Frontier is generally hilly, terrain, forest and riverine. However, at many places the terrain is interspersed with rivers and canals. The major river flowing through the Valley is Jehlum which originates from Verinag and passes through Sgr valley to Wullar lake, there after it flows through Uri before entering Muzaffarabad (POK) from Red bridge (Uri), Lakes are Dal Lake (12 Sq Km), Manasbal Lake (2 Sq km), Anchar Lake (5.6 Sq km) and Wullar Lake (168 Sq km). The roads in Valley are SGR NH- 1A (320Kms), Leh (302 Kms ), Uri NH-1A ( 98 Kms ), Kupwara (55 Kms ), Pahalgam (51 Kms ), Gulmarg (48 Kms ) and Pulwama (29 Kms ). The main towns of Valley are Anantnag , Pulwama , Awantipora , Budgam , Srinagar, Baramulla and Bandipur and important Mountain ranges are Samsabari , Deosai , Greater Karakoram, Ladakh Range, Zanskar , Greater Himalayan, Pir Panjal and Shivalik .
Civic Actions - Reach out to the Needy
While fighting militancy with an iron hand, BSF has also adopted a compassionate touch in its strategy by carrying out civic action programmes. On the civic action front, BSF Kashmir Frontier has adopted 10 schools and is providing them furniture items, stationery items and uniforms besides medical assistance.
BSF since its induction in valley had recognized the aspect of human approach as sine qua non in its anti-militancy strategy. It had to change its strategy in tune with the social behavior and social structure. Thus, importance for human rights became a part of the curriculum. While BSF was ruthless against the militants, its attitude towards public, innocent, children, women and elders has been quite sympathetic, accommodative and co-operative. The training programme of all Jawans and Officers includes topics relating to Human Rights by eminent personalities and agencies.
There is no saying gain that the Human Rights Violation cases against BSF has been the lowest among all the SFs.
One of the principles followed by BSF in its operations is avoidance of collateral damage. This is one of the strong points which helped the BSF troops in carrying out their operations in the most surgical manner.
ROLE OF BSF IN SHRI AMARNATH JI YATRA
SANJY-2015 conducted from 02-07-15 to 29-08-15
Shri Amarnath Ji Yatra was a challenge with a difference in which both security and service were to be amalgamated. BSF by virtue of its assimilation with border population did not face any problem in carrying out the security duty in Shri Amarnath Yatra since 1994 by providing route security, medical assistance and other social services. During SANJY-2015, 25 BSF Coys were deployed on both the axes i.e. Pahalogam to Holy Cave and Baltal to Holly Cave , equipped with Dog Squads, QRTs, electronic gadgets and more than an effective surveillance system. During SANJY-2015, the task assigned to BSF was to perform ROP duties along the complete yatra route, i.e. Pahalgam to Holy Cave and Rangamore to Holy Cave, a distance of over 60 kms . In addition, 10 medical camps were organized along the yatra route and 13 Sniffer dogs had also been employed on both the routes.
During SANJY-2015, BSF has focused its role towards medical aid which is as essential as security, we had deployed 10 medical officers assisted by Para Medical staff, mobile teams with medicines and equipments at critical points. The role of BSF medical staff was highly appreciated by the pilgrims. A total of 35,009 yatries were treated on both the axes by BSF doctors and paramedical staff during SANJY-2015.
SHRI AMARNATH JI YATRA-GENERAL
A prominent annual Indian Holy pilgrimage.
Yatra generally starts from opening of Yatra Route i.e. June/July and culminates with the visit of CHHARI MUBARARK on SAWAN PURNIMA i.e. RAKSHA BANDHAN on August.
The cave is situated in a narrow gorge at the farther end of Lidder Valley. Amarnath Ji cave stands at height of 13500 ft and is 46 KMs from Pahalgam .
The track from chandanwari to Amarnath Ji Cave is 34.5 Kms distance and is covered in 2 days with night halt at Sheshnag or Panjiarni .
Second route i.e. Baltal to Holy Cave is approximately 14.5 Kms .
Last Updated on 9th March 2017 by
IT Cell , FTR HQ BSF Kashmir, Humhama, Distt Budgam, J&K
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